From Orientalism to Islamophobia

http://www.turkeyagenda.com/from-orientalism-to-islamophobia-796.html

The Islamophobia which could be read as a modern conceptualization of opposition to Islam, is accepted as a modern and secular discourse following September 11 in places where Muslim immigrants live densely, it actually is a phenomenon that has its roots back to the Middle Ages in Europe.

The perception of Islam as a threat to secularism, democracy and to Western civilizations in relation to that, seeing Islam and Muslims as a phenomenon that belongs to the Middle Ages due to many reasons, have all played a role directly in spreading fear of Islam and hatred from Islam while forming the theoric ground of mentioned opposition.

From Orientalism to Islamophobia

Creative piece about Islampophobia

http://www.exampleessays.com/viewpaper/8660.html

interesting points:

Western media’s misquotation, misinterpretation and misuse of Islamic ideals have portrayed Muslims as extremists and terrorists. Misconceptions of Islam, Muslims, and stereotypes of fundamentalists have negatively impacted on a peaceful Islamic community.

The western media’s prejudice against Muslims has downgraded their status in society and sparked a wave of “Islamophobia  in light of recent terrorist attacks.

Creative piece about Islampophobia

Islamophobia in the media

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamophobia_in_the_media

media bias 

According to Elizabeth Poole in the Encyclopedia of Race and Ethnic Studies, the media has been criticized for perpetrating Islamophobia. She cites a case study examining a sample of articles in the British press from between 1994 and 2004, which concluded that Muslim viewpoints were underrepresented and that issues involving Muslims usually depicted them in a negative light. Such portrayals, according to Poole, include the depiction of Islam and Muslims as a threat to Western security and values. Benn and Jawad write that hostility towards Islam and Muslims are “closely linked to media portrayals of Islam as barbaric, irrational, primitive and sexist.

Double standards in terminology

Egorova and Tudor cite European researchers in suggesting that expressions used in the media such as “Islamic terrorism”, “Islamic bombs” and “violent Islam” while not using the same terms relating to non-Muslims have resulted in a negative perception of Islam.John E. Richardson’s 2004 book (Mis)representing Islam: the racism and rhetoric of British broadsheet newspapers, criticized the British media for propagating negative stereotypes of Muslims and fueling anti-Muslim prejudice.In another study conducted by John E. Richardson, he found that 85% of mainstream newspaper articles treated Muslims as a homogeneous mass who were imagined as a threat to British society.

Islamophobia in the media

Islamic state vs. Islam

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/nov/25/islamophobia-isis-muslim-islamic-state-paris

main points :

Since the Paris attacks, anti-Muslim prejudice has grown, promoted by the media. That’s exactly what Islamic State wants.

when Isis executes its attacks, it has a script. It knows that Muslims will be blamed en masse in the aftermath. One of its key aims, after all, is to separate western societies and their Muslim communities: if Muslims are left feeling rejected, besieged and hated, Isis believes, then the recruitment potential will only multiply.

Islamic state vs. Islam

time’s article

http://time.com/4117190/paris-attacks-religion/

Don’t Blame Islam for the Paris Terrorist Attacks

main points:

When members of our media and politicians label ISIS attacks as religious, it misattributes to their actions a well-conceived moral frame, rooted in scriptures and anchored in tradition. If we believe they have these—which they do not—we give them more “religious” power than they deserve.

This oversimplification also masks the hard truth that this violence stems from problems much deeper and broader than any particular religion or ideology. Its myriad political and social sources must be analyzed if we seek to stem the violence.

time’s article

Does Islam promote violence?

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/paris-attacks-reza-aslan-clip-warning-against-generalisation-of-islam-goes-viral-one-year-later-a6738161.html

A clip of a writer condemning the portrayal of Islam as a violent religion is being shared by thousands in the wake of the Paris attacks.

The absurdity in generalising about as entire religion based on the actions of a small minority of its followers.

“The problem is that you’re talking about a religion of one and a half billion people and it certainly becomes very easy to paint them all with a single brush by saying ‘Well in Saudi Arabia they [women] can’t drive and therefore that’s representative of Islam’, it’s representative of Saudi Arabia.

“Does Islam promote violence?”, Mr Aslan says: “Islam doesn’t promote violence or peace, it’s a religion. Like every other religion in the world it depends on what you bring to it. If you’re a violent person your Islam, Judaism, Christianity or Hinduism is going to be violent.”

“Hating all Muslims for what happened in Paris is like hating all Christians  because of the gay-hating Westboro Baptist Church”,

Does Islam promote violence?